By Fatimah Bintu Dikko


Early marriage, also known as child marriage, refers to the union between individuals where one or both spouses are below the age of 18. It is a widespread practice, particularly in developing countries, stemming from cultural, religious, and economic factors. While early marriage has certain advantages, it also comes with a plethora of disadvantages. In this essay, we will delve into the intricacies of early marriage, examining both its positive and negative aspects as well as discussing the essential preparation and steps involved in entering into such a union.

Advantages of Early Marriage

One of the primary advantages of early marriage is the preservation of cultural traditions. In many societies, marriage at a young age is considered a norm, and it plays a significant role in maintaining cultural identity and values. Additionally, early marriage often provides financial security for the individuals involved, especially in impoverished regions where families may struggle to meet their basic needs. Moreover, early marriage can strengthen social bonds between families, thereby fostering a sense of community and support.

Early marriage also offers emotional and psychological benefits for some individuals. It can provide a strong emotional support system, companionship, and a sense of belonging. Additionally, early marriage can lead to the early establishment of a family, which can bring joy, fulfillment, and a sense of purpose to the individuals involved. It can also mitigate the risks of engaging in premarital relationships, thereby reducing the likelihood of negative consequences such as unplanned pregnancies or sexually transmitted infections.

Disadvantages of Early Marriage

Despite the potential advantages, early marriage is fraught with numerous disadvantages. One of the most glaring issues is the impact on the physical and emotional well-being of the individuals involved, particularly young girls. Early marriage often leads to a premature end of education, limiting the opportunities for personal and professional growth. It can also result in early pregnancies, posing health risks for the young mothers and their children. Furthermore, early marriage can perpetuate the cycle of poverty, as young couples may lack the financial stability to support themselves and their families.

Early marriage can also have detrimental effects on the social and psychological development of the individuals involved. Young brides, in particular, may face isolation, discrimination, and neglect, as they are often expected to fulfill traditional gender roles and responsibilities. Additionally, early marriage can lead to a lack of autonomy and decision-making power for the individuals, as they may be forced into marriages against their will or without adequate understanding of the consequences.

Preparation for Early Marriage

While early marriage may have certain advantages, it is essential to emphasize the importance of adequate preparation and support for individuals entering into such unions. The following are some key steps that individuals can take to ensure a successful and fulfilling early marriage:

1. Education: Education is crucial in empowering individuals to make informed decisions about marriage. It is essential for young people to understand their rights, responsibilities, and options before entering into a marital union.

2. Communication: Open and honest communication between partners is vital in building a strong and healthy relationship. Couples should discuss their expectations, goals, and concerns to ensure mutual understanding and respect.

3. Financial Planning: Financial stability is essential for the success of any marriage. Couples should plan and budget for their future together, taking into account their income, expenses, and savings goals.

4. Support Systems: It is important for individuals entering into early marriage to have a strong support system in place. This can include family, friends, community organizations, and religious institutions that can provide guidance, advice, and assistance when needed.

5. Counseling: Seeking professional counseling or guidance can help couples navigate the challenges and complexities of early marriage. Counseling can provide valuable insights, strategies, and tools to strengthen the relationship and address any issues that may arise.


In conclusion, early marriage is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that has both advantages and disadvantages. While it can provide financial security, emotional support, and cultural continuity, it also carries the risks of physical and emotional harm, limited opportunities, and social stigma. Therefore, it is essential for individuals considering early marriage to be well-prepared, informed, and supported in their decision-making process. By following the steps outlined above and seeking the necessary resources and guidance, individuals can navigate the challenges of early marriage and build strong, healthy, and fulfilling relationships.